Generalizing words - somewhere somehow anything anybody etc.तरी(tarI) -ही(hI)

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Consider the conversation 1) 
"Who did this mess ?"
"Someone did it?"

conversation 2) 
"How will you do it?"

"I will manage it somehow"

When we are not sure about the thing we say "somehow", "somewhere", "anybody" etc.  They are called indefinite pronouns. 

In Marathi also such words are present. 
In words like "somehow", "somewhere" we prefixed "some" to words like "how","where" etc. For such phrases in Marathi we append तरी(tarI).

In words like "anyhow", "anywhere" we prefixed "any" to words like "how","where" etc. For such phrases in Marathi we append ही(hI).
Below table lists such words. 
While adding these prefixes there is little change in main word. such words are highlighted in red. 


who
कोण (koN)
someone /
somebody
कोणीतरी (koNItarI)
anyone / anybody
कोणीही (koNIhI)
when
कधी (kadhI)
sometime
कधीतरी (kadhItarI)
anytime
कधीही (kadhIhI)
when
केव्हा (kevhA)
sometime
केव्हातरी (kevhAtarI)
anytime
केव्हाही (kevhAhI)
where
कुठे (kuThe)
somewhere
कुठेतरी (kuThetarI)
anywhere
कुठेही (kuThehI)
what
काय (kAy)
something
काहीतरी (kAhItarI)
anything
काहीही (kAhIhI)
how much /
how many
किती (kitI)
many
कितीतरी (kitItarI)
any
कितीही (kitIhI)
how
कसा (kasA)
somehow
कसातरी (kasAtarI)
anyhow
कसाही (kasAhI)
which
कुठला (kuThalA)
someone/
something/
some
कुठलातरी (kuThalAtarI)
any
कुठलाही (kuThalAhI)
which
कोणता (koNatA)
someone/
something
कोणतातरी (koNatAtarI)
any
कोणताही (koNatAhI)


To use preposition with these words, preposition is appended to main word and then तरी(tarI) or ही(hI) is used.
e.g.
someone -> कोणीतरी (koNItarI)
to someone -> कोणाला तरी (koNAlA tarI)

some -> कुठलातरी (kuThalAtarI)
in which box -> कुठल्या खोक्यात  (kuThalyA khokyAt )
into some box -> कुठल्या तरी खोक्यात  (kuThalyA tarI khokyAt )

Full sentence examples :-
Call someone -> कोणाला तरी बोलव (koNAlA tarI bolav
Call anyone -> कोणालाही बोलव (koNAlAhI bolav)

I reached there somehow -> मी तिकडे कसातरी पोचलो (mI tikaDe kasAtarI pochalo)
I will reach there anyhow -> मी तिकडे कसाही पोचेन (mI tikaDe kasAhI pochen )

He has gone somewhere from morning -> तो सकाळपासून कुठेतरी गेला आहे (to sakALapAsUn kuThetarI gelA Ahe)
He is not ready to go anywhere -> तो कुठेही जायला तयार नाही (to kuThehI jAyalA tayAr nAhI )


Another usage  तरी(tarI)
1) In Marathi when तरी(tarI) is used as separate word it means "still" or "even though". Example will make it clear. 

I told him, still he ate it -> मी त्याला सांगितले  तरी त्याने हे खाल्ले (mI tyAlA sAMgitale, tarI tyAne he khAlle )
Why she pressed button. Though she was told not to do ->
तीने बटण का दाबले? तरी तीला सांगितले होते करू नकोस   (tIne baTaN kA dAbale? tarI tIlA sAMgitale hote karU nakos )

2) When appended with a noun/pronoun तरी(tarI) means "at least" 
At least he came -> तो तरी आला (to tarI AlA)
Finish work at least by tomorrow -> उद्यापर्यंत तरी काम संपव (udyAparyMt tarI kAm saMpav)
She is average at least; others are fool -> ती साधारण तरी आहे, बाकीचे मूर्ख आहेत (tI sAdhAraN tarI Ahe, bAkIche mUrkh Ahet )
You should have told me at least -> तू मला तरी सांगायला हवे होतेस(tU malA tarI saMgAyalA have hotes)

Another usage of ही(hI)
When appended with a noun/pronoun ही(hI) indicated "also"/"even"

I will also come -> मीही येईन  (mIhI yeIn)
This program is tomorrow also -> हा कार्यक्रम उद्याही आहे (hA kAryakram udyAhI Ahe )
He did not even tell it to me ->त्याने मला हे सांगितलेही नाही (tyAne malA he sAMgitalehI nAhI )


Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hx3qIPd2Uo4




Indefinite Pronouns with "Every". 
In English we have pronouns like everybody, everything etc. In Marathi they are said little differently.
"Every" is प्रत्येक (pratyek) in Marathi. It is used along with a noun.

Everybody / Everyone is said as if saying each person i.e. प्रत्येक जण (pratyek jaN)

Every time is said like "at each time" -> प्रत्येक वेळी (pratyek veLI)

"Everywhere" is said like "at each place" -> प्रत्येक ठिकाणी (pratyek ThikANI). Synonyms are सगळीकडे (sagaLIkaDe), सर्वत्र (sarvatr)

Everything is said like "every object" प्रत्येक गोष्ट(pratyek goShT)

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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