Sentence using "If-Then"

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To specify condition and its effect we use "If-then" structure in English

e.g. 1) If you had gone then I would have gone as well.
Had he eaten well you he would have become healthier.

For If-then in Marathi we use  जर- तर  (jar- tar )

Past perfect tense is used as base for such sentence.

Sentence formation
जर(jar)
subject/doer
form of verb as per past perfect
form of असणे(asaNe)
तर (tar)

जर (jar)

तू ( tU )
केले (kele)
असतेस (asates)
तर ( tar )
जर (jar)
तो (to)
बोलला
(bolalA)
असता (asatA)
तर ( tar )

The form of असणे(asaNe) are mentioned below :-

Pronoun in English
Pronoun
in
Marathi
Form of
असणे(asaNe)
in by attaching suffix
Transliteration
I (male)
मी
असतो

asato

I (female)
मी
असते
asate
we
आम्ही
असतो
asato
we ( listener including)
आपण
असतो
asato
You (singular male)
तू
असतास
asatAs
You (singular female)
तू
असतीस
asatIs
You (plural)
तुम्ही
असता
asatA
He / That (m.) / This (m.)  
तो / तो / हा
असता
asatA
She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 
ती / ती / ही
असती
asatI
It / That(n.) / This (n.)
ते / ते / हे
असते
asate
They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)
ते / ते / हे
असते
asate
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 
त्या / त्या / ह्या
असत्या 
asatyA
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)
ती / ती / ही
असती
asatI

Examples explained
He opened door -> त्याने दार उघडले (tyAne dAr ughaDale)
If he had opened door then -> त्याने दार उघडले असते तर ( tyAne dAr ughaDale asate tar )

He had spoken -> तो बोलला होता (to bolalA hotA)
If he had spoken -> तो बोलला असता तर (to bolalA asatA tar)

The base of the sentence is “past perfect tense”. As we had seen before, “past perfect tense” has two types.
1)     verb with objective
2)     verbs without objective
So same can be seen here. For first type the form of verb and form of asane depends on gender and multiplicity of object.

e.g. Door is neuter-singular. So we used “उघडले असते
If we wanted to use window instead of door. Then sentence would be :-
त्याने खिडकी उघडली असती तर (tyAne khiDakI ughaDalI asatI tar)
खिडकी” is feminine-singular so we used “उघडली असती

In other type of sentence, verb depends on doer.
e.g. If he had spoken -> तो बोलला असता तर (to bolalA asatA tar)
Here vorb does not have object. Doer is “He”. So we used “बोलला असता

The second half part of the sentence ( i.e. after “then” ) will also be formed same way

तर (tar)

subject/doer
form of verb as per past perfect
form of असणे(asaNe)
तर ( tar )
तू ( tU )
केले (kele)
असतेस (asates)
तर ( tar )
तो (to)
बोलला
(bolalA)
असता (asatA)
e.g.

If you had spoken then she would have spoken.
-> जर तू बोलला असतास तर ती बोलली असती  (jar tU bolalA asatAs tar tI bolalI asatI )

If he had cried then they ( plural of it ) would have ran -> जर तो रडला असता तर ते धावले असते (jar to raDalA asatA tar te dhavale asate)

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“If-Then” structure can be used to predict future also. i.e. to indicate what will be the effect if some action is taken.
e.g. If you go I will cry.
If he studies he will be happy.

In marathi, for condition part "simple past tense" is used. And for effect part "future tense" is used.

Structure is :-
जर  condition part in simple past तर effect part in future tense

Example :-
1) If you go I will cry.
Condition is “you go”. It simple past tense is “you went” which in Marathi is तू गेलास ( tU gelAs )
Effect part is “I will cry” which in marahti is मी रडेन (mI raDen)
So finally whole sentence is marahti becomes
जर तू गेलास तर मी रडेन ( jar tU gelAs tar mI raDen )

2) If he sings she will dance.
Condition is “he sings”. It simple past tense is “he sang” which in Marathi is तो गायला (to gAyalA)
Effect part is “she will dance” which in marahti is ती नाचेल (tI nAchel)
So effectively whole sentence is marahti becomes
तो गायला तर ती नाचेल ( to gAyalA tar tI nAchel )

Listen examples online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VORI8IH1C7s



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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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13 comments:

  1. sir i want rule of handwriting in marathi

    ReplyDelete
  2. Sorry Aishwarya, I could not understand what exactly you are looking for. Can you please elaborate ? You may add comment here or mail me on learnmarathifast@gmail.com to ask in details.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Dear sir.
    I had so many doubt about grammar part in English. its all clear because you and Blog
    Thanks/ RAVI KAPSE
    kapser495.ab@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Ravindra, Thanks for feedback. I am glad that my blog was useful for you. As blog's main intention is to learning Marathi through English, it is interesting to know that it can also help to native Marathi speakers in English grammar study.
      Thanks again.

      Delete
  4. Hi Lele Sir,

    I have one doubt here why did we not use Jar in the below sentence.

    If he sings she will dance.
    तो गायला तर ती नाचेल.

    Regards
    PG

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. No specific reason. You can say "jar". Sometimes you omit it while speaking without any change in meaning.

      Delete
  5. If he had opened door then -> त्याने दार उघडले असते तर ( tU kele hote asates tar )

    Here english transliteration of Marathi is to be correct

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for pointing it out. I have rectified it.

      Delete
  6. dear mr. kaushik lele
    tumchya blog maazhyi khoop madati karto.
    dhanyawad sir

    ReplyDelete
  7. dear mr. kaushik lele
    tumchya blog maazhyi khoop madati karto.
    dhanyawad sir

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for your comment. Happy to know this that you found blog useful.

      I would like to known more about your Marathi learning and experience of my blog. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  8. Dear Kaushik Sir,

    Would you please give me the explanation & meaning on below 3 sentence.

    1. If I FIND her address, I will send her an invitations.
    2. If I FOUND her address, I WOULD send her an invitations.
    3. If I HAD FOUND her address, I WOULD HAVE sent her an invitations.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. 1) जर तिचा पत्ता मला मिळाला तर मी तिला आमंत्रण पाठवीन
      2) It does not sound correct sentence OR same as 1
      3) जर तिचा पत्ता मला मिळाला असता तर मी तिला आमंत्रण पाठवले असते

      Does is answer your question ?
      May i know your name please ? Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      - Kaushik

      Delete