Simple Present Tense in Marathi

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Today we will finally reach to sentence formation. Let us see Simple Present Tense in Marathi.

In English a boy will say “I go” In Marathi he will say मी जातो (mI jAto)
As we have seen before the verb “Go” is जा(jA) in Marathi.
So for Simple present tense we suffixed  तो(to) to verb. Simple !!
जा (jA)+ तो(to)  = जातो (mI jAto)

Similarly a girl will say मी जाते (mI jAte ). 
Note that there is different suffix based on gender of the speaker.  For feminine, suffix is ते (te)
 जा (jA)+ ते (te)  = जाते (jAte)

So formula for forming sentence is
Pronoun followed by verb+suffix.

Below table list the suffix to be used for different pronouns

Pronoun in English
Prnoun in Marathi
Suffix in Marathi 
Suffix Trnsliteration
I (male)
मी
तो
to
I (female)
मी
ते
te
we
आम्ही
तो
to
we ( listenr including)
आपण
तो
to
You (singular male)
तू
तोस
tos
You (singular female)
तू
तेस

tes
You (plural)
तुम्ही
ता

tA
He / That (male) / This (male)  
तो / तो / हा
तो
to
She / That (female)/ This (female) 
ती / ती / ही
ते
te
It /That(neuter)/This (neuter )
ते / ते / हे
ते
te
They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)
ते / ते / हे
तात
tAt
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 
त्या / त्या / ह्या
तात
tAt
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)
ती / ती / ही
तात
tAt

 Now apply the formula "Pronoun  verb+suffix" using above table and verbs seen in last post; create as many sentences as possible.

I ( male) do.                                        मी करतो (mI karato)
I (female) do.                                      मी करते (mI karate)
We dance.                                          आम्ही/आपण नाचतो (AmhI/ApaN nAchato )
You (male) cry.                                   तू रडतोस (tU raDatos)
You (female) cry.                                तू रडतेस (tU raDates)
You (Plural) walk                               तुम्ही चालता (tumhI chAlatA)
He walks.                                            तो चालतो (to chAlato)
She speaks.                                         ती बोलते (tI bolate)
It moves.                                             ते हलते (te halate)
They(Plural of He/She/It) dance.          ते/ त्या/ ती   नाचतात (te/tyA/tI nAchatAt )


Listen above examples at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FFPLKfHIKQw

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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9 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. It can be boring; but is it helpful ?
      Can you please suggest something to make it more interesting still keeping it helpful.

      Delete
  2. Make your letters clearer and make lists.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Sorry I could not understand your suggestion. Can you please elaborate; so that I can improve on it.

      Delete
  3. Hello Mr Lele..this is great work. I have a question regarding the verb go. I have heard it being pronounced as 'zhato' instead of 'jaato'. Can you please explain this

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. "jaato" is correct pronunciation and only pronunciation.
      Be aware ! 'zhato' is one of abusive words.
      I would like to know your name and more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  4. Please post an article on possessive adjectives. Sorry if i had missed it out.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, Did you mean words like "My","His", "Her" etc.
      Can you please refer this lesson
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/myhisher.html

      I would like to know your name and more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete