Simple Present Tense in Marathi

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Today we will finally reach to sentence formation. Let us see Simple Present Tense in Marathi.

In English a boy will say “I go” In Marathi he will say मी जातो (mI jAto)
As we have seen before the verb “Go” is जा(jA) in Marathi.
So for Simple present tense we suffixed  तो(to) to verb. Simple !!
जा (jA)+ तो(to)  = जातो (mI jAto)

Similarly a girl will say मी जाते (mI jAte ). 
Note that there is different suffix based on gender of the speaker.  For feminine, suffix is ते (te)
 जा (jA)+ ते (te)  = जाते (jAte)

So formula for forming sentence is
Pronoun followed by verb+suffix.

Below table list the suffix to be used for different pronouns

Pronoun in English
Prnoun in Marathi
Suffix in Marathi 
Suffix Trnsliteration
I (male)
मी
तो
to
I (female)
मी
ते
te
we
आम्ही
तो
to
we ( listenr including)
आपण
तो
to
You (singular male)
तू
तोस
tos
You (singular female)
तू
तेस

tes
You (plural)
तुम्ही
ता

tA
He / That (male) / This (male)  
तो / तो / हा
तो
to
She / That (female)/ This (female) 
ती / ती / ही
ते
te
It /That(neuter)/This (neuter )
ते / ते / हे
ते
te
They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)
ते / ते / हे
तात
tAt
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 
त्या / त्या / ह्या
तात
tAt
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)
ती / ती / ही
तात
tAt

 Now apply the formula "Pronoun  verb+suffix" using above table and verbs seen in last post; create as many sentences as possible.

I ( male) do.                                        मी करतो (mI karato)
I (female) do.                                      मी करते (mI karate)
We dance.                                          आम्ही/आपण नाचतो (AmhI/ApaN nAchato )
You (male) cry.                                   तू रडतोस (tU raDatos)
You (female) cry.                                तू रडतेस (tU raDates)
You (Plural) walk                               तुम्ही चालता (tumhI chAlatA)
He walks.                                            तो चालतो (to chAlato)
She speaks.                                         ती बोलते (tI bolate)
It moves.                                             ते हलते (te halate)
They(Plural of He/She/It) dance.          ते/ त्या/ ती   नाचतात (te/tyA/tI nAchatAt )


Listen above examples at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FFPLKfHIKQw

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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25 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. It can be boring; but is it helpful ?
      Can you please suggest something to make it more interesting still keeping it helpful.

      Delete
  2. Make your letters clearer and make lists.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Sorry I could not understand your suggestion. Can you please elaborate; so that I can improve on it.

      Delete
  3. Hello Mr Lele..this is great work. I have a question regarding the verb go. I have heard it being pronounced as 'zhato' instead of 'jaato'. Can you please explain this

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. "jaato" is correct pronunciation and only pronunciation.
      Be aware ! 'zhato' is one of abusive words.
      I would like to know your name and more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  4. Please post an article on possessive adjectives. Sorry if i had missed it out.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, Did you mean words like "My","His", "Her" etc.
      Can you please refer this lesson
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/myhisher.html

      I would like to know your name and more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  5. awesome page.... I've struggling to learn Marathi since a long.... this shall surely work for me. Thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are welcome. May I know your name please ?
      I would like to know more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  6. Kaushik, could you please explain the rule of how verbs change depending on such subject forms as मला, आम्हाला, तुला etc.
    For example, I read in Marathi phrasebook: 'What is this called?' will be'Yhala kay mhantat?' Infinitive is 'म्हणणे' . Why is this third person plural ending 'tat'?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The statement "What is this called" is said in Marathi as "What do (people) call it".
      So it will be said as लोक ह्याला काय म्हणातात (lok hyAlA kAy mhaNatAt?).
      The word "people" is assumed. So just become ह्याला काय म्हणातात (hyAlA kAy mhaNatAt?).

      Delete
    2. spelling mistake.. it is म्हणतात (mhaNatAt)

      Delete
  7. Thank you! So, if I understand correctly, pronouns with -ला cannot be real subjects, but some other subject is implied?
    In
    मला माहिती नाही
    or
    मला अस वाटत
    the endings of verbs depend on some implied subjects?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are right.
      "pronouns with -ला" cannot be real subjects. Actual subject can be explicit or implied; depending on sentences

      e.g. "I don't know your name". In Marathi sentence "your name" will be subject.
      "I don't think that way". In Marathi sentence "that way" will be subject.

      Some grammatical discussion (Ignore it if it confuses you :) )
      In English too when we add proposition "to"that noun is not subject. it is not nominative case. It can be "accusative" or "dative" case.

      Delete
  8. grammatical discussion is completely ok with me. No problem. Thank you very much, dear Kaushik, for your patience and this huge work you have done

    ReplyDelete
  9. मैं संजय अग्रवाल हिन्‍दी भाषी हूं, मेरी सालों से इच्‍छा है कि मैं मराठी बोलूं एवं पढ भी सकूं। इसके लिए मैंने 20 साल पहले '' मराठी स्‍वयं शिक्षक '' नामक किताब पुणे से मंगाई थी । परन्‍तु इच्‍छाशक्ति एवं मार्गदर्शन की कमी के कारण नहीं साीख पाया । इंटरनेट के जमाने में 10 दिनों से मराठी सीखने की प्रबल इच्‍छा ने आपके ब्‍लाग तक पहुंचा दिया। इससे यह लग रहा है कि मैं जल्‍द ही मराठी बोलना, एवं लिखना सीख जाउंगा । आपको इतना अच्‍छा ब्‍लाग बनाने के लिए धन्‍यवाद। आशा है आप से मदद मिलती रहेगी ।

    संजय अग्रवाल
    मंडलेश्‍वर, जिला -खरगोन (म.प्र.)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. नमस्ते संजयजी. आपके अभिप्राय के लिये आपका बहुत आभारी हूं.
      मुझे आपको मदद करने में बहुत खुशी होगी.

      आपने मेरी हिंदी से मराठी सिखानेवाली वेबसाईट भी देखी होगी.
      http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/

      आपके अधिक अभिप्राय एवं सुझाव जानने के लिये मैं उत्सुक हूं. क्या आप मुझे learnmarathifast@gmail.com इस मेल आयडी पर मेल भेज सकेंगे?

      Delete
  10. Thank u for your website. Hve been struggling to learn marathi correctly. Yours is the only website that is easy to understand and believe me it is the best from all I have check out. Keep up the good work!

    Could you please help with the tay, tee, tyaa, when do you use tyache and tyaacha, why do some sentences end with aahey and some with aahet?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Please refer this lesson
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/myhisher.html
      Also refer lesson related to simple present tense.

      May I know your name please ?

      Delete
  11. Dear Mr Lee, I am an Army officer with Bombay Sappers. Many of my troops are Marathas. For many years I struggled to understand Marathi, but hesitated to learn since I felt awkward asking my men to teach me.
    Your blog is superb. You have put in a lot of hard work and I will learn Marathi asap.
    Thanks a lot and god bless you.
    PS. As a patriotic Indian, I feel each of us should learn at least one language other than our own. That would go a long way in building bridges.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dear Sir,
      Thanks a lot for appreciation. I am happy that I could be helpful to you through my blog.

      May I know your name please ?
      I would like to know more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  12. Dear bro,
    You are simply done a great job for us.Those who want to learn marathi they will be sure benefitted from this site.
    Thankyou

    ReplyDelete