Simple Present Tense in Marathi

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Today we will finally reach to sentence formation. Let us see Simple Present Tense in Marathi.

In English a boy will say “I go” In Marathi he will say मी जातो (mI jAto)
As we have seen before the verb “Go” is जा(jA) in Marathi.
So for Simple present tense we suffixed  तो(to) to verb. Simple !!
जा (jA)+ तो(to)  = जातो (mI jAto)

Similarly a girl will say मी जाते (mI jAte ). 
Note that there is different suffix based on gender of the speaker.  For feminine, suffix is ते (te)
 जा (jA)+ ते (te)  = जाते (jAte)

So formula for forming sentence is
Pronoun followed by verb+suffix.

Below table list the suffix to be used for different pronouns

Pronoun in English
Prnoun in Marathi
Suffix in Marathi 
Suffix Trnsliteration
I (male)
मी
तो
to
I (female)
मी
ते
te
we
आम्ही
तो
to
we ( listenr including)
आपण
तो
to
You (singular male)
तू
तोस
tos
You (singular female)
तू
तेस

tes
You (plural)
तुम्ही
ता

tA
He / That (male) / This (male)  
तो / तो / हा
तो
to
She / That (female)/ This (female) 
ती / ती / ही
ते
te
It /That(neuter)/This (neuter )
ते / ते / हे
ते
te
They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)
ते / ते / हे
तात
tAt
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 
त्या / त्या / ह्या
तात
tAt
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)
ती / ती / ही
तात
tAt

 Now apply the formula "Pronoun  verb+suffix" using above table and verbs seen in last post; create as many sentences as possible.

I ( male) do.                                        मी करतो (mI karato)
I (female) do.                                      मी करते (mI karate)
We dance.                                          आम्ही/आपण नाचतो (AmhI/ApaN nAchato )
You (male) cry.                                   तू रडतोस (tU raDatos)
You (female) cry.                                तू रडतेस (tU raDates)
You (Plural) walk                               तुम्ही चालता (tumhI chAlatA)
He walks.                                            तो चालतो (to chAlato)
She speaks.                                         ती बोलते (tI bolate)
It moves.                                             ते हलते (te halate)
They(Plural of He/She/It) dance.          ते/ त्या/ ती   नाचतात (te/tyA/tI nAchatAt )


Listen above examples at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FFPLKfHIKQw

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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18 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. It can be boring; but is it helpful ?
      Can you please suggest something to make it more interesting still keeping it helpful.

      Delete
  2. Make your letters clearer and make lists.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Sorry I could not understand your suggestion. Can you please elaborate; so that I can improve on it.

      Delete
  3. Hello Mr Lele..this is great work. I have a question regarding the verb go. I have heard it being pronounced as 'zhato' instead of 'jaato'. Can you please explain this

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. "jaato" is correct pronunciation and only pronunciation.
      Be aware ! 'zhato' is one of abusive words.
      I would like to know your name and more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  4. Please post an article on possessive adjectives. Sorry if i had missed it out.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, Did you mean words like "My","His", "Her" etc.
      Can you please refer this lesson
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/myhisher.html

      I would like to know your name and more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  5. awesome page.... I've struggling to learn Marathi since a long.... this shall surely work for me. Thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are welcome. May I know your name please ?
      I would like to know more of your feedback. So can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  6. Kaushik, could you please explain the rule of how verbs change depending on such subject forms as मला, आम्हाला, तुला etc.
    For example, I read in Marathi phrasebook: 'What is this called?' will be'Yhala kay mhantat?' Infinitive is 'म्हणणे' . Why is this third person plural ending 'tat'?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The statement "What is this called" is said in Marathi as "What do (people) call it".
      So it will be said as लोक ह्याला काय म्हणातात (lok hyAlA kAy mhaNatAt?).
      The word "people" is assumed. So just become ह्याला काय म्हणातात (hyAlA kAy mhaNatAt?).

      Delete
    2. spelling mistake.. it is म्हणतात (mhaNatAt)

      Delete
  7. Thank you! So, if I understand correctly, pronouns with -ला cannot be real subjects, but some other subject is implied?
    In
    मला माहिती नाही
    or
    मला अस वाटत
    the endings of verbs depend on some implied subjects?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are right.
      "pronouns with -ला" cannot be real subjects. Actual subject can be explicit or implied; depending on sentences

      e.g. "I don't know your name". In Marathi sentence "your name" will be subject.
      "I don't think that way". In Marathi sentence "that way" will be subject.

      Some grammatical discussion (Ignore it if it confuses you :) )
      In English too when we add proposition "to"that noun is not subject. it is not nominative case. It can be "accusative" or "dative" case.

      Delete
  8. grammatical discussion is completely ok with me. No problem. Thank you very much, dear Kaushik, for your patience and this huge work you have done

    ReplyDelete